Safety at the industrial workplace is relevant both to the health of your employees and to the smooth running of your business. Because accidents at work and illnesses disrupt the operation. Despite incapacitated employees, the work has to be done. This puts a great burden on the remaining employees, which can increase the sick leave even further and ultimately lead to a reduction in quality, delivery delays or even production downtime. Good occupational safety, especially in the modern production or industrial workplace, is therefore of crucial importance for companies. At the same time, working health and safety helps you to recruit new employees and retain existing specialists.
Professional Caliber Security would like to offer you ten helpful tips on work safety in production and security systems.
1. Basis for occupational safety: Call a health and safety management
Safety at the industrial workplace requires a firm footing in the corporate culture. Only in this way is it actively practiced by the employees. For this, a functioning occupational health and safety management must be anchored in the corporate structure. Management organizes the introduction and implementation of health and safety policies and regulations in all management processes.
The task of occupational health and safety management is to formulate the goals of safe and healthy work systems, to make them known to the employees and to regularly review their implementation. It is important to set measurable and achievable goals and to further develop them when they are reached. Such goals can be, for example, regularly conducted risk assessments, the creation of descriptions of all processes or the achievement of certain limits. For this it is necessary that the occupational health and safety management prescribes recommendations for action which make it possible to reach the goals.
2. Put on the right horse: Choose a suitable team
One thing must not be missing from a functioning occupational health and safety management: The right occupation. Ask yourself which employees are eligible for occupational health and safety or who is able to bring new regulations closer to employees and enforce them reliably. Expertise and practical experience are the decisive selection criteria here. You should also designate security services officers and first responders.
In order to bring your team around the work protection management up-to-date at all times of regulations, guidelines and goal achievement, regular discussions and a complete documentation are necessary. For the appointment of employees in occupational safety management, therefore, only reliable and dutiful employees come into question who, despite their additional tasks, do not lose sight of their actual work. In addition, they should be able to raise the safety awareness of their colleagues sustainably.
3. Reduce physical stress: Create a pleasant climate
It is not only the behavior of employees, the optimization of processes or the recognition and elimination of sources of danger that are important for occupational safety in production. Working conditions also have a significant impact on the risk of accidents and on the health of employees. Pleasant temperatures ensure physical well-being and a good ability to concentrate. That is why it is important to take suitable protective measures against high temperatures in summer. This can be achieved, for example, by the reduction of heat sources, by air-conditioning or protection from direct sunlight. Strive for a maximum temperature of 26 C.
A minimum temperature of 17 to 20 C is essential in winter for optimal working conditions. Thermal insulation and functioning heaters, which also meet the requirements of large production halls, are therefore essential for occupational safety. Also avoid too dry air in winter. Using thermometers in shaded places and hydrometers, you can control these environmental parameters.
4. Put in the right light: Ensure optimal lighting
Low vision often results from inadequate lighting in the workplace. Too little light is also an accident risk that should not be underestimated. But too much light can put a heavy strain on the eyes and eyesight. Sufficient daylight contributes to well-being and is the least irritating to the eyes. If it is structurally possible, one tenth of the room surface should be translucent with a line of sight to the outside. In difficult visual tasks such as in quality control or precision mechanics, it should even be a fifth. If that is not possible, artificial light has to compensate for this deficit. Dazzling light should be avoided in any case. Venetian blinds can reduce the amount of sunlight in the respective hours of the day, while lamps should be placed so that they are neither directly
5. Power is at rest: reduce noise
High noise emission is a relevant topic for occupational safety and health, above all in the manufacturing industry. Working on machinery is often associated with a lot of noise, which can eventually lead to damage to hearing, difficulty concentrating, stress or even serious illnesses. The use of noise-reduced machines or working methods can significantly reduce the load. If this is not possible, use sound insulation or sound screens. Shield the workplace with capsules or silencers to protect surrounding workplaces. If, after all measures, there is still too much noise, the use of hearing protection is absolutely necessary.
6. Working sustainably healthy: rely on ergonomics
The ergonomic design of the workplacecontributes significantly to the safety and health of the employee. The workplace should initially be easily accessible and without dangers. Neighboring jobs or transports should not affect him. The employee must be able to move freely and perform his work comfortably. All surfaces and furniture must be adapted to the size of the employee or adapted accordingly. Its equipment, equipment and materials are ergonomic when they are easy to use and easy to reach. Reduce heavy lifting to a minimum and allow it to take place only at healthier heights. To minimize health risks caused by loads, provide suitable work aids and make the handles cheap.
7. Always properly dressed: Provide suitable protective clothing
The personal protective equipment is of enormous importance for every employee. Of course, wearing the protective clothing is part of the daily routine and prevents health problems. A head guard is always needed when working with hanging loads, parts flying around or objects falling down or loose hair can lead to injury. Eye and face protection should be worn by any person involved in shavings, liquids or flying sparks. Vapors, mists, dust or irritating gases absolutely require respiratory protection, while noise makes the ear protection already mentioned essential. Suitable protective clothing protects the body of the employee from thermal, mechanical or chemical effects or from the influence of radiation. Foot protection is especially necessary When heavy loads are lifted or the employee works in the immediate vicinity of in-house transport routes. Also dealing with heat, cold, water or electricity should be done with a foot protection. The same is true with protective gloves to protect hands from damage.
8. Traffic safety during operation: Secure transport routes
The transport routes in and around production halls are a source of danger for employees that should not be underestimated. Carelessness can lead to serious accidents here. Make your in-house traffic routes as safe as possible and prove the behavior on and around traffic routes with strict rules that everyone must adhere to. Make the traffic routes sufficiently broad and mark them conspicuously and unmistakably. There must be enough space next to the paths so employees can walk there without being endangered. Even better: label each route according to its purpose as foot (persons), traffic (empty vehicles) or transport route (loaded vehicles). In addition, mark areas in which goods can be temporarily parked.
9. The unity of man and machine: Ensure smooth work processes
In production, working with machines or robots is commonplace. In order for this work to be carried out daily without any problems or injuries, the machines must be regularly checked and maintained. Old machines often pose a high safety risk and should be replaced in the event of frequent failures. If robots and people work together, error-free programming is crucial for occupational safety in production. Clashes are avoided. In general, touches between human and robot should be avoided. To drastically reduce the security risk, robots can respond to a human touch with an emergency stop. If this is not part of the functionality, the emergency stop button must be easily accessible and accessible at all times.
10. The unhindered way out: fire protection measures and escape routes
Easily accessible and accessible at all times should also be escape routes and emergency exits. Emergency exits must never be obstructed, wedged or locked. If open doors are a safety hazard for operation, the doors must automatically unlock as soon as the alarm is triggered. A safe escape route leads from each workstation to a collection point outdoors and is clearly signposted. Fire doors protect employees in different areas of the building. If a fire breaks out, the doors close between the areas, while escape routes are open directly to the outside. So a fire can not spread to the entire building. But these doors must not be wedged or misaligned. An automatic closure after the passage ensures this.
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